Here are some common names and terms used in the world of
'Angel's kiss' or 'salmon
patch' or 'stork bite': these are pink or
tanned, flat, irregularly-shaped marks that often disappear a few
months. Nearly half of all babies have such a birthmark.
Café au lait spot: these are usually oval,
light brown (coffee coloured) marks which appear at birth or in
early childhood. They do not fade over time. They are also
sometimes called 'giraffe spots'.
Giraffe spot: see Café au lait spot.
Haemangioma: a collection of blood vessels that
form a lump under the skin; often called a 'strawberry mark' as it
looks like the surface of a strawberry.
or overgrowth of an organ or part of the
Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome: a rare disorder
(present at birth) in which blood
vessels and/or lymph vessels fail to form properly.
The three main features are a port wine stain, venous and
lymphatic malformations, and soft-tissue overgrowth of the
Laser: a treatment which uses a narrow beam of
light to heat and shrink blood vessels.
Mole: a benign (harmless) tumour on human skin
which usually has a darker pigment.
Mongolian spot: a harmless flat birthmark
with wavy borders and irregular shape, most commonly blue, or
Naevus (plural: naevi): any birthmark or
pigmented spot on the skin such as a mole.
Port wine stain: a red or purple mark on
the skin, caused by widened blood vessels where blood flows slowly
through the area all the time. It is always present from birth.
Sclerotherapy: the injection of a
chemical into a vein causing it to harden and the blood to clot.
Blood flow shifts to nearby healthy blood vessels.
Salmon patches: See Angel's kiss.
Stork bites: See Angel's kiss.
Strawberry mark: another name for haemangioma
as the surface looks like the surface of a strawberry.
Sturge-Weber syndrome: a syndrome from
birth that affects the skin, the neurological system, and sometimes
organs. The main sign of Sturge-Weber syndrome is a port wine stain
Syndrome: a set of signs and symptoms that
often occur together and reflect a disease or increased chance of
developing a disease.
Tumour: an abnormal swelling or mass of
tissue formed by a new growth of cells, normally independent of the
Ulceration: The process or fact of being
eroded away, as by an ulcer.
Vascular: Relating to the blood vessels of
the body. The blood vessels of the body, as a group, are referred
to as the vascular system.